A correct theory should be simple, logically & numerically consistent and be in consonance with reality. It should be based on an axiomatic foundation, so that the principle of causality is not violated. The permanent foundation for a unified theory that defines all phenomena, at every point in space and time, must be a non-dimensional and scale-invariant formulation, if it is to fulfill the criteria of universality. In a unification paradigm, it is necessary to restrict the controlling parameter to a single variable, if it is to be effective mathematically.
The definition for the real and substantial nature of the substratum on which phenomena is based should evolve from within the theory because of its axiomatic foundation. The intellectual dichotomy posed by the ordering of polarized concepts such as "maximum and minimum", "static and dynamic", "start and finish", "left and right handedness" etc. should be resolved through an axiomatic unification paradigm, again arising from within the theory. Since Universal phenomena existed long before the advent of human life, a correct theory must not depend on logic structured through intellectual analysis that is contrary to the observed characteristics of natural phenomena.
Further, since the theoretical derivation forms the foundation for pursuing human activities efficiently, it must be amenable to observation and practical verification, for only then its utility would be confirmed intellectually. The process of verification through observation depends on a relative change, which restricts its means to a dynamic parameter such as time. The proof for the completeness of a theory should rest on the unequivocal corroboration of its theoretical derivations, with every type of observational experience.
As a specific case, the spectrum of phenomena observed in parapsychological and spiritual domains have been widely reported through verified first hand accounts, yet there is no place for it in current science, even as a hypothesis. Finally, its proof must be generated from within as a part of its axiomatic derivational process and should not depend on arbitrary or external observational parameters.
The foregoing criteria form the derivative base for the unified field theory of Sankhya, (logic of counting in Sanskrit), created by Maharishi Kapilla in a pre-Vedic period. Sankhya forms the core of the Bhagavadgita, embedded in the Mahabharata. Based on the foregoing principle, its axiom based foundation, bound by rigorous logic, using combinatorial mathematics, inexorably leads to an austere formulation, which is the epitome of intellectual elegance.
It is the only unified-field theory in existence that offers a complete scientific& mathematical solution in space comprising substantial components. The 68 Sanskrit axiomatic theorems or sutras in Sankhya are transliterated, along with its mathematical derivations in part 2, for the first time, as all earlier translators could not decipher its scientific content. The logical derivational process is presented below but the mathematical proof is given later chapters.